Every report on AESTETA where mostly about philosophers and their philosophy about aesthetics. The rule in our presentations was to place pictures only because it makes it more presentable and it helps us explain the information in our own words. The reporting was done in chronological order starting from Plato and Aristotle(Greek) to Manuel De Landa and Gilles Deleuze(Modern). Some of us used pictures only in the PowerPoint presentation while others added some texts to further support their presentation. During the course of these reports we were also asked to apply the philosophies in an output/project. The philosophers that were given to us are related to each other. How they are related to each other are by being influenced by one another. This how we should also apply in ourselves which is the whole purpose of the reporting of these philosophers.
The first report was about Plato and Aristotle. These were probably the most famous and familiar names to us because they were always mentioned in history/science subjects. I only knew them as just philosophers until now. Also as we all know that the Greeks were famous because of their philosophers especially these two well known icons. They were also covered/reported by me(Steven) and Gemar. Plato was the teacher/mentor of Aristotle. As Aristotle grew older he had his own philosophy which is the opposite of Plato’s philosophy. Their philosophy talks mostly about form. Plato’s philosophy was that the beauty is seen in the original form where as Aristotle, he said that there is still beauty even if it is a copy or imitation of the original form. They also have arguments about the universe. We should have focused more on the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. One common thing I find in their philosophies is metaphysics which is the nature of being in the world. I’ve seen it used most of the succeeding philosophers probably the ones who were influenced. From the philosophers form the Greek period we move on to the Christian philosophers. Our report was the only familiar while the other reports are not new to me. All the next reports were really new to me. Out of the two Christians, I remember the most is Thomas Aquinas. He was more of a theologian rather philosopher. His philosophy focussed more on Transcendence where beauty is beyond something. The philosophy that made me remember him the most was the double effect whereas for example you have to protect yourself from a thief then you kill him for self defence. In a nut shell, you do something bad for something that is good. The philosophy was mostly used in our project where we made comics and used in animate objects to portray the characters or the background. Another one was Augustine of Hippo or St. Augustine, he influenced Thomas Aquinas and he is also more of a theologian rather than a philosopher. Since both of them were Christians they’re philosophies or ideals were mainly focused/revolving around God himself. The next Philosopher that was reported was Immanuel Kant. The presentation was good because of the use of pictures and animations. Kant identified “sublime” as an aesthetic quality. For me sublime is an experience we can’t compare to any other. It is easy to define but challenging to express it. Another task was given to us where we make a music video about the Sublime Experience. The audience must also feel the this experience. The sublime word really got my attention thanks to Immanuel Kant. I think that this would greatly affect the design of our buildings because it’s another form of expression in a unique way. The next report was about a German philosopher, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, whose name is hard to pronounce. The name sounded familiar because I have played a game where there was a name Nietzsche. Anyway, his philosophy was more of the opposite of the Christian philosophers/theologians. He had a statement that god is dead which made other people think about him an Atheist. He also believed in eternal return which is for me like the saying where you are reincarnated as another being, this is how I see it. Knowing this I thought to myself that thinking really unique and out of the world gets you famous and you just need the confidence in sharing that to the world. Also, hearing form the reporters, this man is mostly the opposite of all the other philosophers but what inspired like what I said is his uniqueness. The report on Friedrich Nietzsche was presented almost the same way as Immanuel Kant. The next report was about empiricism where knowledge is learned by experience. The opposite rationalism where we depend on the knowledge that is just given to us without experiencing it. Both of these are already known back then in the Greek period. My example for empiricism would be when tasting foods you know the taste when you experience unlike Rationalism where you just know the taste by text or information. These were also used by some famous philosophers like Immanuel Kant and Socrates who happens to be a Rationalist. The ones who believed in empiricism were the scientist because they are more logical. The report on this was entirely different from the previous reports because it’s like the combination of past reports. The reports had to research about different philosophers and their affiliation with Empiricism and Rationalism. The last two were modern philosophers. The first one was Gilles Deleuze, where his philosophy was about epistemology talking about the past philosophers like Aristotle that the image of thought found in them was unproblematic business. The next modern philosopher is Manuel De Landa. He happens to be a materialist and he also teaches philosophy today. We did not get to listen to all the reports because we lacked time.
For me the purpose of these reports were to influence us just like the new philosophers were influenced by the old philosophers. Even if our belief is different from theirs what matters is that philosophy describes us. This is what made them and the other Architects famous.